Edema (Generalized)

Today’s blog post will be discussing, you guessed it! edema and more specifically I will keep it generalized, but do keep in mind that there are different types of it, and I will discuss them in future blog post so that everyone has an idea as to what they are if you don’t already. Now personally I have never experienced edema but I know people who have and this picture above is showing the puffyness in the feet and ankles. While this condition is something most of you have heard before, I still find that any health condition is an important one to discuss?

For starters, do you know what “edema” is? before scrolling down, guess and then let me know if you were spot on. 

What Is Edema?:

Swelling caused by fluid retention (aka excess fluid is trapped in the body’s tissues)

 

Causes of Edema (generalized)

 
  • Sitting or standing in one place for too long (gravity) because it is natural for water to get pulled down to legs and feet
  • weakening of valves in the veins
  • certain diseases can bring it about 
  • medications can cause it as a symptom
  • allergic reactions
  • pregnancy can cause it to happen 

How many of you have had Edema? what was the cause of yours? 

Symptoms: 

  • affected area is swollen
  • skin could look stretched out and shiny
  • pushing into the area with a figure for about 5 seconds and releasing can leave a dimple
  • trouble walking (if you have leg edema)
  • coughing or trouble breathing (if you have lung edema)

Treatment options:

Most people probably do not know this, but edema can be temporary or more permanent. 

  • treating the underlying diseases that are causing the edema 
  • putting a pillow under your legs when lying down or sitting for prolonged periods
  • try to not sit or stand for long periods of time without moving
  • wearing support stockings
  • sometimes having to limit salt intake is especially important
  • possibly seeing a professional and being prescribed a diuretic. 
  • protect swollen areas from pressure

Most importantly, see a doctor if you experience edema. 

 

Hopefully this tidbit of information will provide a means of sharing what I know with all of you and getting feedback from those who have experienced this or are doctors and want to add more to this information. Please share, follow, like and comment.

 

Fitness WonderWoman,

Shay-lon xo

Wrist Sprain (Injury)

Today is Wednesday .. and for any of you who have been keeping up with my schedule, today’s topic is of an injury. This particular injury may not be the most “popular” one but it is an injury nonetheless and so we shall talk about it. First question: has anyone reading this post ever sprained or dislocated their wrist? Let me know in the comment section your experience. 

 

What does it mean to sprain your wrist:

  • usually involves the wrist being bent forward or back
  • Not commonly known to occur as an “overuse” injury
  • Can vary from mild to a more severe sprain of the wrist (Grade 1, Grade 2 or Grade 3)

Symptoms:

  • Sudden pain in the wrist
  • if more severe you will feel a tearing or popping
  • Tender spot where the ligament was damaged
  • mild swelling
  • and bruising in more severe cases

This all depends on the location and the extent of the injury

Treatment:

  • More mild wrist sprains can be treated at home using the R.I.C.E method
  • Compression bandage can help reduce swelling (not for more than 10 minutes at a time)
  • More severe cases will most likely require immobilization in a split for some weeks
  • Surgery could be required for full ruptures
  • Rehab after surgery is useful.

With this all being said, seek medical care if something should happen like this to play it safe. 

 

Fitness WonderWoman,

Shay-lon xo

 

Sprains

sprains

Well finally after having time to make some new content, I thought I would start it off with an injury, something most people can relate to and would not like to happen to them. First of all, how many of you have had a sprain?! (Raise of hands) and how many of you knew how to handle your sprain? (Raise of hands), okay, okay! seems like we have a good number of people in the blogosphere who have been in this situation once or twice before. Personally I have never had a sprain (that I can remember) although you would think my chances would have been higher considering I was a track athlete and basketball player and they tend to get sprains fairly often but I suppose I got lucky (knock on wood). Today, I won’t go too in-depth about this injury because it isn’t hard to comprehend, but I want to make sure everyone is aware of this injury if it should happen to them. Also, feel free to share your stories in the comment section. 

Sprain: A stretching or tearing of ligaments (the fibrous tissue that connects joints and bones) 

Some of the more common types of sprains:

  1. Sprained ankle
  2. Sprained thumb
  3. Sprained wrist
  4. Sprained knee
Symptoms:
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Limited ability to move the affected joint
  • At the time of injury, you may hear or feel a ‘pop’ in your joint
Risk Factors to consider:
  1. Poor conditioning
  2. Fatigue
  3. Improper warm-up
  4. Environmental conditions
  5. Poor equipment
Treatment:
  • Medications- some Ibuprofen or Tylenol may help with the pain for minor sprains
  • Apply ice as soon as possible to minimize swelling – in worse case scenarios the doctor may decide to use a splint or brace
  • Elevate the affected area
  • One may choose to use compression bandages (unless you notice more swelling, more pain, etc)
  • Rest- avoid activities that cause pain. 
Mild-moderate sprains are said to heal within 3-6 weeks, over the course you should be gradually using the area that is affected unless a doctor says differently. In any case, you should contact your doctor if pain, swelling, or other symptoms become a problem. 
Your fitness blogger,
Shay-lon xxx